Yunnan is one of the birth places of mankind. Between 10 and 15 million years ago, a kind of apeman came down from the trees to the ground, leaving traces from Yuanmou in central Yunnan to Kaiyuan in southern Yunnan. Between 1956 to 1957, fossils of “Lama Ape Man” were discovered in the coal layers at Xiaolongtan, Kaiyuan. They are the earliest example of man in the Chinese geologic age. Later, scientists found a fossil of “Yuanmou Xiaohe Ancient Ape”, which has more characteristics of modern man.In May 1965, paleoanthropologists discovered the fossil of “Yuanmou Ape Man”, the ancestor of the Chinese people, who lived more than 1.7 million years ago. During the long Paleolithic Age, Yunnan became more prosperous. Early Homo Sapiens lived in Zhaotong, and in later stages they lived in Lijiang, Kunming, Xichou, Pupiao and Yaoguan. With the coming of the Neolithic Age, many nationalities and tribes lived together on this vast land stretching from northeastern Yunnan to the Lancang River Valley, from the middle and upper reaches of the Jinsha River to the Erhai and Dianchi lakes.


The land of Yunnan slopes down from the north to the south. The difference between the highest and the lowest points is 6,663 meters. As is expected this creates sharp differences in temperature throughout the province. Local residents describe the province as “having four seasons on one mountain, and a different weather 10 li apart”. Topographical and climatic differences, along with longer frost-free periods and more sunshine, provide Yunnan with perfect conditions for developing a widely divers agricultural industry.


In the People’s Republic of China, other languages in addition to Chinese-the language of the Han people, the original Chinese are spoken in the regions where the national minorities are settled, including Tibetan, Mongolian, Zhuang or Uygur. But everywhere in China, standard Chinese, also called Mandarin, is more or less understood or spoken. Regardless of whether you are in Guangzhou or in Heilongjiang, In Tibet or in Xingjian, you can get along with standard Chinese.


Approximately 1000.00 kyats equivalent roughly to 1 USD Dollar. Credit cards and Traveler cheques can currently NOT be used or exchanged in Myanmar (with some very rare exceptions in upscale restaurants and hotels)! It is necessary to bring enough cash in USD or EURO. Other foreign currencies are difficult to change. Please bring new series US Dollar bills (“big heads” instead of “small heads”) and with series numbers not starting with CB as these are not accepted in Myanmar due to rumors these series are counterfeit.

Passport and Visa

Most of the countries require visa in hand before getting into Yunnan. Visa is usually deliver by Yunnan Embassies who require original passport. Visa Yunnan also could apply on arrival Yunnan, contact directly Jewel Tours for more information. A three-month visa costs US$30, and processing time is four working days.